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Super Hacker George Hotz: I Can Make Your Car Drive Itself for Under $1,000



Famous or being the first hacker to jailbreak the iPhone at 17, George Hotz is taking on Waymo, Tesla, and Uber in the race to build the first fully operational self-driving car.

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Reason is the planet’s leading source of news, politics, and culture from a libertarian perspective. Go to reason.com for a point of view you won’t get from legacy media and old left-right opinion magazines.

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George Hotz, known online as GeoHot, became one of the world’s most famous hackers at 17 when he was the first person to break into the iPhone and reconfigure it to be compatible with providers other than AT&T. He was also the first to jailbreak the PlayStation 3, allowing users to play with unauthorized software.

Now this 28-year-old technical wunderkind is up against Waymo, Tesla, Uber, and most of the auto industry in the race to build the first fully operational autonomous vehicle.

“I want to win self-driving cars,” Hotz told Reason. Whereas Tesla and Waymo are developing complex systems with expensive LIDAR and other sensors, his company, Comma.ai, is trying to bring plug-and-play driverless technology to the masses. “We’re running it on a phone,” says Hotz.

He’s taking an approach drastically different than his well-financed competition, and is operating with $3.1 million in seed money. Comma’s dozen-member team, which works out of a residential house in San Francisco, has built technology that takes over the existing RADAR and drive-by-wire systems in modern cars, incorporates a smartphone’s camera and processor, and then makes the car drive itself.

“Google is going to lose because there’s no market for a $100,000 system,” says Hotz. “For us, we’re just going to push the software update. And then—boom—you don’t have to pay attention anymore. Done.”

Hotz has a history of taking on tech titans, with mixed reactions. After the iPhone jailbreak, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak sent him a letter of congratulations. After he hacked the PS3, Sony sued him. Hotz quickly became a cause celebre of so-called hacktivist groups including Anonymous and LulzSec. They attacked Sony’s network, despite Hotz’s protests, igniting a firestorm of legal and media scrutiny.

Comma.ai is Hotz’s attempt to take on the big players in a new way. The company makes an app called Chiffr that turns a user’s phone into a dashcam and monitors its GPS and accelerometers. Now Comma is launching Panda, an open source, $88 dongle that plugs into the car, links it to the phone, and puts out fine-grain detail about every aspect of a drive. Hotz ingests all the data from Chiffr and Panda users and feeds it to his artificial intelligence system, which then learns how to drive.

According to Hotz, this approach gives him significant advantages over competitors such as Waymo. His network is entirely crowdsourced and running on some of the most popular cars in the country. He doesn’t need to build another expensive, specially designed vehicle and employ a trained driver and an engineer every time he wants to add another data point. And all his data come from real-world experience.

Hotz says Waymo and others take a rule-based approach to driving that doesn’t reflect the reality of how people operate cars. “The humans ain’t changing to match the self-driving spec,” he says. “In order to really get access to the full, diverse spectrum of what driving is, you need a huge crowdsourced database.”

While Tesla’s training model is more closely aligned with his, Hotz says the company will similarly be restricted to the high-end market. He got into a public spat with Tesla founder Elon Musk in 2015, after Hotz says the mogul changed the terms of a deal for him to build a better vision system for Tesla’s Autopilot than the one supplied by partner company Mobileye. Musk claims Hotz bragged that he could build a better system, and then welched on the bet.

“All I said was I could build a better vision system than Mobileye, myself, in 3 months,” replies Hotz. “And I kind of did that.”

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Produced by Justin Monticello. Cameras by Alexis Garcia and Monticello. Music by Grégoire Lourme ( StrangeZero ( Jingle Punks ( Topher Mohr and Alex Elena ( el_vis ( and Elettroliti (

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Written by frances

Lawyer, Believer, Idea Agent, Database Wrangler, Human Casserole. I want to see your peacock.

34 Comments

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  1. Mr. George Hots, Hello!!
    Can you use your self driving software Panda with older cars, such as a late 90's American car??

  2. I'm of the thought that there will not be enough safety protocols and security implementation in place for a fully functioning AI. This will be a big HUGE PROBLEM!!

  3. the only negative to this guys personality is the way he believes societies hand should be forced by his all his ideas instead of giving the user/customer the choice of whether they care enough to employ his designs.

    If data exists, someone will come looking for it and it might not be a nice person.

    guy who breaks iPhone software encryption is asked if he would be bothered by a hacker trying to spy on his private life, . . . . .huh? Not a reality if you haven't noticed interviewer guy. If you were a hacker would you go out of your way to hack a prominent person like this George guy? Probably not.

  4. Put him to search after Ionut Budisteanu . He is a romanian briliant young guy and he did something similar .. maybe they can make better wourld togheder !!!

  5. Waymo is already driving around without anyone in the vehicle. Drives to and picks the passengers up, drops them off and goes back to station til they signal for the ride back home.

  6. There is no such thing as Driver less car, if humans are not driving the robot is driving ( software ), Humans makes mistakes robots ( software ) are not bug free and hackable..

  7. What happens if ur phone falls off of its perch… Will the car now crash? It wont be able to detect the road any longer so what happens

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